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                          抗菌,自清洁复合功能整理冬季保暖针织物及整理后保暖性研究

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                          中国纺织品网   wap.qqgame8.com   日期:2012-09-17

                          优乐棋牌RENMENRIYIZENGZHANGDECHUANZHEGAOBIAOZHUN、DUOYAOQIUDUIZHENZHIFUZHUANGTICHULEGENGDUOGENGXINDEFUZHUANGYAOQIU,GONGNENGXINGZHENZHIMIANLIAODEKAIFAJIYINGYONGSHIDANGQIANZHENZHIGONGYEDEYIGEYANJIUREDIAN。XIANDAIFANGZHISHANGYIBANDOUCAIYONGHOUZHENGLIDEFANGFALAITIGAOZHIWUDEWAIGUANHUOQITAXINGNENG,SUIZHERENMENDUIJIANKANGHEHUANJINGWENTIDERIYIGUANZHU,GELEIWUDUWUWURANDEGONGNENGFANGZHIPINDEKAIFAHEYINGYONGDEDAOLEXUNSUFAZHAN。ZONGGUANMUQIANDONGJIZHENZHIBAONUANNEIYIDECHANPINJIEGOU,GUOWAIPINPAISHENGCHANQIYEFEICHANGZHUZHONGNEIYIDEXISHIXING、WEISHENGXINGHESHUSHIXINGDENGGONGNENGDEKAIFAHEGAISHAN:GUONEIXIAOFEIZHEDUITIESHENNEIYIDEBAOJIANYISHIYEBUDUANZENGQIANG。RIYIZHUIQIUGONGNENGANQUAN、SHISHANGDUOYANGHEGEXINGHUATEZHENG。YINCIXUANYONGFUHEGONGNENGXINGZHENGLIJITONGSHIFUYUZHENZHIWUKANGJUN、ZIQINGJIEFUHEGONGNENG,YOUNENGBAOCHIQIYUANYOUFUYONGXINGNENG,CHENGWEIYIGEZHONGYAODEYANJIUKETI。XIANDAIKANGJUNHUOZIQINGJIEZHENZHIMIANLIAODEXINGCHENGCHANGCAIYONGGONGNENGXIANWEIZHIZAOFA(RUJUYOULIANGZHONGGONGNENGDESHAXIANHUNFANG)HUOGONGNENGZHUJIJINYA(ZI)FA。DUIKANGJUNJIDEXUANZEYOUWUGEYUANZE:ANQUANXING、GAOXIAOGUANGPUXING、CHIJIUXING、XIANGRONGPEIWUXINGHEDUIFUYONGXINGNENGWUFUMIANYINGXIANG。BENSHIYANSHIYONGDEKANGJUNZHENGLIJIWEIYOUJIYIWUJIFUHEKANGJUNZHENGLIJI,QIZHONGHANYOUYIN、TAI、GUIDENGWOMENSHUZHIDEKANGJUNCHANGYONGYUANSU,BENSHENWUDU,YOUJIAOGAODEANQUANXINGNENG,ZHENGLIFANGBIAN。JUSHUIFANGYOUZHENGLIZHIWUDEYUANLISHIZHENGLIJIZAIZHIWUBIAOMIANCHENGMO,ZHENGLIJIZHONGHUAHEWUKEJIANGDIZHIWUBIAOMIANNENG,CONGERHUODEJUSHUIFANGYOUDEXIAOGUO。XINXINGDEFANGZHIPINGONGNENGZHENGLIJIWEICHUANTONGFANGZHIPINDEXINGNENGSHENGJITIGONGANQUANBIANJIEDETUJING,CHENGWEIDANGDAIKAIFAGONGNENGFANGZHIPINDEZHUDAOFANGXIANG,TUIJINCHUANTONGFANGZHIXINGYEXIANGGAOKEJIZHUANHUAQUAN。

                          BENWENXUANYONGZIPEIDEKANGJUNZHENGLIJIHEZIQINGJIEZHENGLIJI.CAIYONG“ERYUFA”DUIDONGJIBAONUANZHENZHIWUJINXINGFUHEZHENGLI,BINGDUIZHENGLIHOUDEZHIWUJINXINGBAONUANXINGHEGONGNENGXINGDECESHIYUFENXI,JINYIBUTANTAOFUHEGONGNENGZHENGLIDUIBAONUANXINGDEYINGXIANG。

                          1实验

                          1.1实验材料

                          实验试样采用上海三枪(集团)有限公司生产的14.6tex(40s)TK(精梳棉)+16.5tex(150D)涤纶低弹丝经纬编衍缝结构编织的针织面料,该织物的内外两层均为精梳棉。中间为涤纶低弹丝形成的空气层,触感柔软舒适,具有优良的保暖和服用性能,常用于冬季保暖内衣面料。该面料的基本参数见表1所示

                          1.2实验仪器

                          SHUIYUGUO、GUANGXUEJIECHUJIAOCELIANGYIDCAT11、SFJJYI6006PCBAONUANYI、LFYYI216CZHIWUTOUSHIYI、YG461QUANZIDONGTOUQILIANGYIDENG。

                          1.3实验方案

                          优乐棋牌FUHEGONGNENGZHENGLIJI:YOUDONGHUADAXUEHUAXUEYUHUAGONGJISHENGWUGONGCHENGXUEYUANTIGONGDEZIQINGJIEZHENGLIJIFwY、KANGJUNZHENGLIJIJCYI1。

                          YOUYUKANGJUNCESHIXUWAISONGCESHI。KANGJUNJIANCEZHOUQIZHANGBUZHOUFANSUO,DUIDECHUYOUHUAGONGYITIAOJIANBULI,GUBENWENZHIYIZHIWUDEZIQINGJIEGONGNENGZUODANYINZIFENXI,BINGDUIZHAOXIANGGUANBIAOZHUN、GENJUSHIYANSHUZHIZHAOCHUGONGNENGXINGZUOYONGHAOQIESHUSHIXINGSUNSHIXIAODEZHENGLIFANGFA,ZUIZHONGDECHUZUIYOUZHENGLIGONGYICANSHU。

                          KANGJUNZHENGLIGONGYI:

                          FWYZHENGLIJINONGDU5%owf(YUBIl:l0)YIHENGWENSHUIYUJINZI(60℃,45min)TUOSHUISHUAIGANYIHONGGAN(90℃,6min)HUOZIRANGANZAO。

                          自清洁过程中,测试整理剂浓度、焙烘温度、焙烘时间这3个因素对整理后织物保暖性的影响以及工艺参数的优化。具体见表2。


                          1.4测试方法及评价指标

                          1.4.1FUYONGXING

                          (1)BAONUANXINGNENG

                          SHIYONGsFJJ_6006PCBAONUANYI,JIANQU30cmx30cmSHIYANG,CANZHAOGB11048—89CESHIFANGFA,CEDECHUANREXISHUU2、BAOWENLVQ、KELUOZHICLO。QIZHONGCLO=I/(0.155·U2),CLO、QDESHUZHIYUEDA,ZHIWUDEBAONUANXINGYUEHAO。

                          (2)TOUQIXINGNENG

                          CANZHAOGB/T5453—1997BIAOZHUN,CAIYONGYG461QUANZIDONGTOUQILIANGYICESHITOUQILIANG,SHIYANGCHICUN30cmz。

                          (3)TOUSHIXINGNENG

                          优乐棋牌CANZHAOGB/T12704—1991BIAOZHUN。CAIYONGLFYYI216CZHIWUTOUSHIYIHEDIANZICHENG,ANXISHIFACESHITOUSHILIANG,SHIYANGZHIJING70mm。

                          1.4.2GONGNENGXING

                          (1)KANGJUNXINGNENG

                          CANZHAOAATCC147—2004BIAOZHUN。SHIYANGJUNZHONGWEIJINHUANGSEPUTAOQIUJUNATCC6538,YOUZHUANYEJIANCEJIGOUSGSJINXINGDINGXINGJIANCE。

                          (2)YIQUWUXINGNENG

                          CANZHAOAATCC130BIAOZHUN,QU38cmx38cmZHENGLIHOUSHIYANGZHIYUXISHUIZHI,ZAIQIZHONGYANGDI5DIYUMIYOU,JINGZHI20minHOUXIDI12min,DAIGANZAOHOUYUYANGKADUIBIPINGJI:5JIZUIHAO,1JIZUICHA。

                          (3)JUSHUIFANGYOUXINGNENG

                          优乐棋牌JIANQU4cmSHIYANG.SHIYONGGUANGXUEJIECHUJIAOCELIANGYIDCAT11CESHIZHENGLIZHIWUSHUIYOUJIECHUJIAO,SHUIYOUJIECHUJIAOYUEDA,JUSHUIFANGYOUXIAOGUOYUEHAO。

                          1.4-3NAIXIXING

                          CANZHAOGB/T3921(1)YI1999BIAOZHUN,XUANQUKANGJUN、ZIQINGJIEFUHEGONGNENGZHENGLIHOUZHIWU40mmxlOOmmSHIYANG3KUAI,FENBIEXIDI5CI、10CI、15CI,XIHOUGUAZAIBUCHAOGUO60℃DEKONGQIZHONGGANZAO.RANHOUZAICEQIKANGJUNXING、ZIQINGJIEXING。

                          2实验结果与讨论

                          2.1整理剂浓度对保暖针织物保暖l生的影响

                          优乐棋牌SHIYANCANSHU:YUHONGWENDUWEI120℃,SHIWENWEI2min;BEIHONGWENDUWEI170℃。SHIWENWEI1min。

                          当整理剂浓度分别为15g/L、40g/L、65g/L时,对织物保暖性的影响如图1所示。

                          优乐棋牌CONGTU1KEYIKANCHU.SUIZHEZHENGLIJINONGDUDEZENGDA,ZHENGLIHOUZHIWUDEBAONUANLVHEKELUOZHIBIANHUAQUSHIXIANGTONG,JUNXIANZENGDAHOUYOUJIANGDI。ZHUYAOYUANYINSHIZHENGLIJINONGDUYUEDA,ZHIWUBIAOMIANXINGCHENGDEBOMOYEYUECUCAO,SHIDESHAXIANJIANXINGCHENGJIAODAKONGQICENG,QIZHONGJINGZHIKONGQIZENGJIA,ZHIJIEDAOZHIZHIWUBAONUANXINGSUIZHENGLIJINONGDUZENGDAERZENGDA:DANSUIZHEZHENGLIJINONGDUJINYIBUZENGDA,ZHENGLIJIZHONGYUELAIYUEDUODEZHONGWEIXIAOKELISHENRUXIANWEIKONGXIZHONG,JIANSHAOLESHAXIANJIANDEJINGZHIKONGQI,BAONUANXINGBIANCHA。GUQUEDINGZHENGLIJISHIYINONGDUWEI30~40g/L。

                          2.2焙烘温度对保暖针织物保暖性的影响

                          SHIYANCANSHU:ZHENGLIJINONGDU40g/L。YUHONGWENDUWEI120℃,SHIJIANWEI2min;BEIHONGSHIJIANWEIlmin。

                          当焙烘温度分别为130℃、170℃、210℃时。对织物保暖性的影响如图2所示


                          CONGTU2ZHONGKEYIKANCHU.YIGUODIHUOGUOGAODEBEIHONGWENDUZHENGLIZHIWU,BAONUANLVHEKELUOZHISHUZHIBIANXIAO、BAONUANXINGBIANCHA。YINWEIBEIHONGWENDUGUODI,ZHENGLIJIZAIZHIWUBIAOMIANCHENGMOBUWANQUAN;YOUYUSHIYANGBIAOCENGWEIQUANMIANZHIWU,QIRONGDIANYUEWEI229~230℃,ZHONGJIANDILUNDIDANSIRONGDIANYUEWEI260℃,WENDUGUOGAO,HUIDUIXIANWEIZAOCHENGBUKEWANHUIDESUNSHANG,SHIZHIWUFANHUANG、BIANCUIFAYING。YINCIZHENGLIWENDUSHIZHONGWEIYI,QUEDINGBEIHONGWENDUWEI160-170℃。

                          2.3焙烘时间对保暖针织物保暖性的影响

                          优乐棋牌SHIYANCANSHU:ZHENGLIJINONGDU40g/L,YUHONGWENDUWEI120℃,SHIJIANWEI2min;BEIHONGWENDUWEI170℃。

                          当焙烘时间分别为Omin、1min、lOmin时,对织物保暖性的影响如图3所示。

                          CONGTU3KEYIKANCHU,BEIHONGSHIJIANYESHIYINGXIANGZHIWUBAONUANXINGDEYIGEZHONGYAOYINSU。WEIJINGBEIHONGDEZHIWU(JIBEIHONGSHIJIANWEIOmin)BAONUANXINGJIAOCHA,YUANYINSHIWEIJINGBEIHONGZHENGLI,ZHIWUBIAOMIANCHENGMOBUWANQUAN,QIESHAXIANGANZAOBUCHONGFEN,HANSHUIPENGZHANGDESHAXIANSHIBAONUANXINGJIANGDI;ZHIWUJINGBEIHONGHOU,BAONUANLVHEKELUOZHIJUNDAFUTIGAO,SHUOMINGBAONUANXINGBIANHAO;1minYISHANGDEBEIHONGSHIJIANKEYIZENGQIANGZHENGLIJIZHONGQIGONGNENGZUOYONGDELIZIDEJIAOLIANCHENGMO,BAONUANXINGYEJIAOHAO,DANBEIHONGSHIJIANCHIXUZENGZHANG,DUIXIANWEISUNSHANGJIAODA,POHUAILEMIANXIANWEIBENSHENLIANGHAODEXISHUIXINGNENG。KENENGYINGXIANGZHIWUQITAFUYONGXINGNENG,NENGYUANXIAOHAOYEJIAODA。YINCIBAOZHENGBEIHONGSHIJIANDUIZHENGLIXIAOGUOYOUWEIZHONGYAO,QUEDINGBEIHONGSHIJIANWEIlminZUOYOUWEIYI。

                          2.4整理工艺参数的优化

                          由上述单因子实验得出整理后织物保暖性较好的自清洁整理参数,为了确定复合功能整理使保暖性损失最低的最佳整理工艺,我们对其进行正交实验并测定织物保暖率和克罗值。根据上述单因子实验结果和规律分析,制定已经过抗菌整理的织物进行自清洁整理的三因子三水平见表3,正交实验结果见表4.极差分析见表5。

                          根据正交表的整齐可比性.可以比较各个因子的R值,其中R值大的可认为是影响实验结果的重要因素,R值小的为次要因素。由表5极差分析结果可知.在整理剂浓度、焙烘温度、焙烘时间这3个因素中,整理剂浓度对保暖针织物复合功能整理的保暖性影响最大,其次是焙烘温度.焙烘时间影响最小。由于整理后织物保暖率和克罗值越大越好,因此根据以上正交分析得出较佳工艺是A2B2C1,即整理剂浓度35,L、焙烘温度170℃、时间0.5min。按照此工艺参数对试样进行抗菌、自清洁复合功能整理,并验证其功能性。整理前后织物保暖性、透气性和透湿性如表6。

                          YOUBIAO6KEYIKANCHU,ZHENGLIHOUZHIWUBAONUANXINGLVECHA,BAOWENLVJIANGDIYUE2%、KELUOZHIJIANGDIYUE4%;YOUYUZHENGLIJIZAIZHIWUBIAOMIANCHENGMO,SHAXIANHEXIANWEIWENKONGXIBIANXIAO,YINCITOUQIXINGBIANCHA,XIAJIANGFUDUYUEYOU18%;DANZHENGLIHOUZHIWUTOUSHIXINGBIANHAO,TOUSHILIANGZENGDAFUDUYUE2%。ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,YIZUIJIAZHENGLIGONGYICANSHUZHENGLIHOU,ZHIWUDEFUYONGXINGNENGZONGTISUNSHIJIAOXIAO。

                          3功能性及耐久性分析

                          YIJUYOUKANGJUN、ZIQINGJIEGONGNENGXINGDEZHIWU,ZAISHUIXIGUOCHENGZHONGKANGJUNZHENGLIJIYEKENENGCONGZHIWUSHANGTUOLI,LINGWAIYOUYUXISHUIPENGHUA,KENENGJIANGZHENGLIJIZAIZHIWUBIAOMIANCHANSHENGDEMOJIPO,POHUAILEJUSHUIFANGYOUXING。YINCI,ANZHAOZUIYOUZHENGLIGONGYICANSHUZHENGLIBAONUANZHENZHIWU,FUYUMIANLIAOXINDEGONGNENGHOU,KAOLVQIGONGNENGZHENGLIDENAIJIUXINGYESHIZHONGYAODEYIFANGMIAN。

                          3.1抗菌性能


                          优乐棋牌DUIWEIXIDIHEXIDIl5CIDESHIYANG,JINGSGSFENBIEJINXINGKANGJUNXINGNENGJIANCE,JIANCEJIEGUOJUNWEI:YIJUNHUANWEI4.2mm,YANGPINDIBUJIZHOUWEIWUSHIYANJUNSHENGZHANGYEWUZAJUNSHENGZHANG。SHANGSHUCESHIJIEGUOBIAOMINGZHENGLIHOUZHIWUYIJUYOULIANGHAODEKANGJUNXINGNENG,QIEDUOCIXIDIHOUZHIWUKANGJUNGONGNENGWENDING。

                          3.2自清洁性能

                          根据上述测试标准对整理前后及水洗后试样进行测试后,易去污结果如表7、拒水防油结果如图4。

                          SHIYANCEDEWEIZHENGLIQIANSHIYANGDEJUSHUIJIECHUJIAOHEJUYOUJIECHUJIAOFENBIESHI53.8。HE39.2o。YOUBIAO7HETU4KEYIKANCHU,JINGGUOZIQINGJIEZHENGLIHOUDEZHIWU,QIYIQUWUXINGNENGYOU2JITIGAOZHI5JI,SHUIYOUJIECHUJIAOJUNTIGAOZHI130。YISHANG,SHUOMINGZHENGLIHOUZHIWUZIQINGJIEXINGBIWEIZHENGLISHIYANGYOUDAFUTIGAO。JUYOULEJIAOHAODEQUWUNENGLIHEJUSHUIFANGYOUXIAOGUO:ZAI15CISHUIXIHOUSHIYANGDEJUSHUIJUYOUJIECHUJIAOSUIYOUXIAJIANGQUSHI,DANJUSHUIJIECHUJIAOXIAJIANGLVJINWEI12%、JUYOUJIECHUJIAOXIAJIANGLVWEI14%,RENGDADAGAOYUWEIZHENGLIZHIWU,SHUOMINGJUSHUIJUYOUXIAOGUOWENDING。YISHANGSHIYANJIEGUOSHUOMINGSHUIXIHOUZHIWUDEBAIQINGJIEXINGWENDINGCHIJIU,ZIQINGJIEZHENGLIJIYUZHIWUDEJIEHELAODUJIAOHAO。

                          4结论

                          优乐棋牌TONGGUOBAONUANMIANZHENZHIWUGONGNENGZHENGLIYINGXIANGYINSUFENXI。DECHUYIXIAYIXIEJIELUN:

                          优乐棋牌(1)ZAIBAONUANMIANZHENZHIWUGONGNENGZHENGLIZHONG,ZHENGLIJINONGDU、BEIHONGWENDUHEBEIHONGSHIJIANDUIZHIWUBAONUANXINGNENGJUNHUICHANSHENGBUTONGCHENGDUDEYINGXIANG。GENJUZHENGJIAOSHIYANDECHUKANGJUN、ZIQINGJIEZHENGLIDEJIAOYOUGONGYICANSHUWEI:1)KANGJUNZHENGLI:ZHENGLIJINONGDU5%owl、YUBI1:10、SHUIYUHENGWEN60℃JINZI45min;2)ZIQINGJIEZHENGLI:ZHENGLIJINONGDU35g/L、YUHONGWENDU120℃(2rain)、BEIHONGWENDU170℃、BEIHONGSHIJIAN0.5min。

                          (2)JUSHUIJUYOUZHENGLIHEKANGJUNZHENGLIXIANGRONGXINGJIAOHAO。SHIYANGJINGZHENGLIHOUBUDANJUYOUKANGJUNGONGNENG,QIQUWUHEJUSHUIJUYOUXINGNENGYEDEDAOMINGXIANTIGAO。SUIZHESHUIXICISHUDEZENGJIA,GONGNENGNAIJIUXINGLVEYOUXIAJIANG,ZAIJINGGUO5CIYISHANGSHUIXIHOU,JUSHUIJUYOUXINGNENGQUYUWENDING。



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